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Rezachek & Associates
Biomass and Alternative Fuels
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Renewable Energy

Deep Water Cooling

Seawater Air Conditioning (SWAC)

Air Conditioning With Deep Seawater: A Cost-Effective Alternative - The single most effective measure for reducing carbon dioxide emissions on a global basis would be the substitution of deep ocean water air conditioning and industrial cooling wherever and whenever it is feasible. But 'hard headed' business persons who do not give a fig for 'global warming concerns' are economically 'soft headed' if, for profit making reasons, they do not install deep ocean water cooling systems whenever and wherever feasible. For once the "bootleggers and the ministers" can cooperate for the benefit of humanity. Here in 'cold hard print' is a paper from Makai Ocean Engineering Company that tells it like it is from an economic standpoint. The global warming implications are not mentioned but are obvious...

Cold Seawater Air Conditioning - SeaWater Air Conditioning (SWAC) takes advantage of available deep cold seawater instead of  energy-intensive refrigeration systems to cool the chilled water in one or more buildings . This web page describes the Basics, Environmental Aspects, and Economic Benefits of a SWAC system. It also describes Makai's  Engineering Services for Seawater Air Conditioning.

Curaçao seawater air-conditioning - The efforts to get seawater air conditioning (SWAC) in Curaçao was started in 2000, and has had Gilbert Gouverneur as the driving force behind the project since the start. The effort is now in its later stages and actual building of the pipeline and required infrastructure will begin during the autumn of 2008, with expected project completion during the summer of 2009.

GPA - Guam Power Authority - SWAC - Sea water air conditioning takes advantage of available deep cold seawater instead of energy-intensive refrigeration systems to cool the chilled water in one or more buildings. It has good access to deep water, high air conditioning utilization ... Link to "Sea Water Air Conditioning System for Tumon Bay - Executive Summary."

Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning - Environmental Impact Statement Preparation Notice. August, 2007.

Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning, LLC - Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning, LLC, is currently developing a 25,000-ton seawater air conditioning district cooling system for downtown Honolulu.  This renewable energy system is designed to cool buildings in the downtown core using deep ocean cold water.  A seawater air conditioning (SWAC) system is a cost-effective and attractive “green energy” investment, and a smart way to use renewable energy for air conditioning.

InterContinental Bora Bora - Deep Sea Water Air Conditioning - Implementation of the first Sea Water Air Conditionning system (SWAC) at the InterContinental Bora Bora Resort & Thalasso Spa. A system that eliminates the use of potentially hazardous compounds ...

Seawater Air-Conditioning - SeaWater Air-Conditioning (SWAC) is an innovative system, which uses cold water from the depths of the sea (or lakes) as a coolant for Air-Conditioning systems of buildings situated in a close radius.

Seawater Air Conditioning System Being Developed for Honolulu - Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning LLC (HSWAC) is currently developing a 25,000-ton seawater air conditioning district cooling system for downtown Honolulu. The system is designed to serve buildings in the downtown core.

Seawater Air Conditioning University of California-San Diego - The university will use cold seawater to supply cooling essential for air conditioning its facilities. An initial study of the nearby La Jolla underwater trench suggests a seawater cooling system could produce savings of $4 million a year and 100 million fresh water gallons per year.

Summary Report of the Innovative Energy Systems Workshop - This two-day workshop presented the final results of the "Sea Water Air Conditioning Feasibility Analysis" project. Preliminary results from two other projects were also presented and discussed ("Integration of Energy Storage with Seawater Air Conditioning [SWAC] Systems" and "Application of the Kalina Cycle® to Waste Heat Recovery in Hawaii.").

The Blue Revolution: Air Condition and Energy from Deep Waters of Lakes and Oceans - Deep lake and ocean water is being exploited for cooling buildings, provide drinking water and generate electricity.

What is Seawater Air Conditioning? - Honolulu Seawater Air Conditioning LLC. Hawaii Energy Policy Forum (HEPF) ... Seawater Air Conditioning for Hawaii. – What It Is. – Why Its Needed ...

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